Yearly well woman exam will include pelvic exam, pap smear and breast exam. We will discuss all age related issues including contraception, family planning, menopause issues, PMS issues and all other health related issues pertaining to women. A Pap test, where a sample of cells is taken from the cervix (the opening to the uterus), is the best way to find changes that may lead to cervical cancer. By finding the abnormal cells and treating them early we can prevent cervical cancer. A pelvic exam is necessary during the annual exam to rule out any abnormalities with the pelvic organs which include the uterus and the ovaries.
Screening mammograms start at the age of 35, and in our opinion once patients start having mammograms they should have them on a yearly basis. If a patient has a strong family history of breast cancer the screening age will be lowered accordingly. If a lump is felt by a patient in self exam we will recommend a diagnostic mammogram and breast ultrasound–both performed at reputable radiologic settings. A breast ultrasound is an adjunct to the mammogram and the self breast exam and physical exam. The ultrasound will detect breast cysts easily and can help in diagnosis and treatment of the patient with a breast lump.